What are Yin and Yang energies and how to find out which one you have more of?

This article is intended for women. In it, I wanted to share my awareness of how the interaction of the Masculine and Feminine Principles determines who in a married couple holds the key to joint happiness. Who determines whether the love with which God unites people will survive? Source - Esoterics. Living Knowledge

  • Indivisibility and relationship of Yin - Yang
  • Specifics of Yin-Yang energies
  • First impulse
  • Acceptance is a necessary condition for harmonious relationships
  • The essential purpose of a woman and marital happiness
  • How mindfulness helps a woman fulfill her destiny
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And how the Yin-Yang relationship determines a woman’s mission in relation to her man. But how can you talk about her without touching him?

History of the symbol

It is assumed that initially the image of “yin” and “yang” imitated the appearance of a mountain, which is illuminated on one side, while the other half is in shadow.
This state of affairs cannot continue forever: the Sun moves along a trajectory - accordingly, the two sides of the mountain change their colors. It was implied that everything in the world is cyclical. The ancient Chinese borrowed the image from the Buddhists. The exact date is unknown, but historians say that it happened in the 1st-3rd centuries AD. It was then that the concept of “mandala” arose in the teachings of Taoism - the feminine and masculine principles. The pictures depicting their interaction were first drawn in the form of fish.

It’s interesting, but over time in the Celestial Empire other meanings were assigned to the sign: for example, the struggle between evil and good, the ratio of harmful and beneficial - everything that is at diametrically opposite poles. Although researchers argue that the symbol demonstrates precisely natural opposites, and not moral or ethical ones.

Evaluation of Yin and Yang indicators. Normal 1.1 -1.2 µA

According to the theory of the East, all human organs are divided into main (hollow and dense) zhang fu and accessory organs.

The main dense organs and, accordingly, meridians are as follows: lungs - meridian; spleen/pancreas – IV meridian; heart – V meridian; kidneys – VIII meridian; pericardium – IX; liver – XII meridian. They all belong to the “YIN” system and are capable of preserving, protecting, creating, i.e. accumulate energy. Accessory organs are hollow. Accordingly, the meridians are as follows - large intestine - II meridian; stomach – III meridian; small intestine – VI meridian; bladder – VII meridian; triple heater – X meridian; gallbladder – XI meridian. These organs – meridians – belong to the “YAN” system. They perceive food, crush it, absorb nutrients, secrete waste, etc. Metabolism or metabolism requires that all nutrients be oxidized, “burned in a flame of oxygen,” in order to turn into products necessary for the body’s functioning and release energy.

Metabolism consists of the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, water and mineral metabolism, the function of absorption of vitamins, microelements and other useful substances.

The end products are water and carbon dioxide, which must be released from the body. Physical activity, increased body temperature, stress, and psycho-emotional stress increase metabolic processes, which leads to additional oxygen consumption. At the same time, the formation of CO2 increases, this leads to an increase in pulmonary ventilation.

Metabolism is sharply disrupted in diseases of the endocrine system, in case of dysfunction of absorption in the small intestine, in case of dysfunction of the liver, kidneys, etc. Metabolism is characterized by two stages: assimilation (anabolism) - synthesis, and dissimilation (catabolism) - decay

Taking into account the concept of "YIN - YANG", these two processes must be balanced and fluctuate within certain limits

At the bottom of the diagnostic chart there are indicators of the yin/yang ratio. “YIN” is the sum of the electrical conductivity of all “Yin” meridians (lungs; spleen/pancreas; heart; kidneys; pericardium; liver). “YAN” is the sum of the electrical conductivity of all “Yang” meridians (large intestine, small intestine, stomach, bladder, triple heater, gall bladder).

The YIN/YANG ratio characterizes the stage of metabolism, which is necessary for the doctor to understand. In a balanced body in a practically healthy person, the yin/yang ratio should be in the range of 1.1 - 1.2 µA

The predominance of “yin” indicators is regarded as assimilation (anabolism), i.e. slowdown of metabolic processes, their inertia. These indicators are typical for patients with sluggish chronic processes with physical inactivity, i.e. the predominance of parasympathetic regulation of the autonomic nervous system (overexcitation of the n.vagus, which provides innervation to the heart, lungs, digestive system, as well as the genitourinary organs and rectum).

The predominance of “yang” indicators is regarded as dissimilation (catabolism), i.e. acceleration of metabolic processes, increased decay, impaired absorption, removal of some useful substances from the body along with toxins and free radicals. This condition is characteristic of the sympathetic regulation of the autonomic nervous system (sympathetic-adrenal system and hypothalamus) (see part VI - level of autonomic regulation).

The metabolic rate is a fairly reliable criterion for assessing the functional state of the body, which is important for carrying out therapeutic as well as preventive procedures.

Yin feminine

As the yin yang philosophy teaches, the ultimate task for a person who wants to comprehend and understand the mysteries of the world around him and himself is to learn to control and correctly use the yin yang energies in order to come to true harmony with himself and the Universe.

Yin is the feminine principle, it is the lunar, dark side, it is intuition, gentleness, wisdom. Every person needs yin in a certain concentration in order to develop creative abilities, show emotions, sense and sense the slightest changes within themselves and around them.

Yin is our inner self, which we often do not listen to or take care of, which leads to disharmony. Passive feminine energy symbolizes chaos, the one that existed before the appearance of all material things.

Yin Yang
Yin, in search of harmony, strives for the opposite of yang. Therefore, a woman is advised to enhance her femininity, softness, and natural essence. Then the man will be attracted to her like a magnet. Experts who deeply study this issue are skeptical about such a statement, which contradicts the law of Tao.

Yin is always peace as opposed to yang activity. Therefore, a true woman carries peace within herself. When female peace collides with male activity, merging, these two energies align and come to balance. This explains the harmony in some couples that seem ideal to us, but the relationship between them is incomprehensible.

No one can teach a woman to be feminine, everything is already inside her, you need to be able to feel the yin in yourself. As soon as a woman begins to awaken the feminine principles in herself, it means that she will begin to act, and this is a matter of yang energy. As a result, there is no harmony again.

A man has too much Yin energy

1. Passivity. It is not surprising that a man with predominant Yin energy will be overweight and have little income. After all, the activity and determination inherent in Yang energy will be blocked by the passivity and inertia of Yin energy.

2. Softness. The principle of fluidity and flexibility inherent in Yin energy will lead to the fact that a man in whom this energy dominates will try to avoid sharp corners, not enter into conflicts, and make compromises.

3. Inability to give. Such a man does not feel like a breadwinner. He has absolutely no desire to give something, but he will not refuse to receive something without making any effort.

Balance is a very fragile thing. Achieving energy balance and finding harmony can be difficult. But not easy does not mean impossible. We will tell you about ways to harmonize personality in our next article in the “Yin-Yang” section.

Ancient China with its philosophy attracts with the traditions of Feng Shui. They are still shrouded in mystery, although they are based on simple observation. The ancient Chinese symbol “Yin-Yang” is now known to almost everyone: a two-color circle, the halves are separated by a wavy line and resemble two commas that cover each other.

Chinese medicine and Yin and Yang energies

The concept of Yin and Yang has been applied to many industries with excellent results. One such industry is Chinese traditional medicine. The harmony of energy flows and the functioning of the internal organs and parts of the body is the reason for the optimal health achieved. In general, the right combination of negative and positive should achieve physical balance in the pursuit of good health and longevity. Therefore, the study and practice of Yin and Yang will bring many benefits to the perfect existence of any organism. In this concept, the ability to harmonize and use everything in abundance is learned and practiced.

Using this concept, disease appears as a cause of disturbance in the harmony of the body, which is caused by emotions, heat, cold or other factors, thereby making a diagnosis and prescribing treatment, the primary intention is to restore balance. Even basic elements like water and fire have a Yin and Yang connection. The reason they cannot work without each other is the origin of these forces. A lack or excess of these forces - and the result is an imbalance of Yin and Yang. Light and darkness also relate to each other. Each force complements each other, but none of them tries to surpass the other - this is the perfect balance of Yin and Yang.

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Beneficial properties of ginger tea

Ginger tea helps and warms up colds, is used to boost immunity, has wonderful anti-inflammatory properties, parasitic properties, helps stop the development of atherosclerosis, thins the blood, promotes the outflow of mucus from the body, normalizes and improves metabolism, stimulates brain function, strengthens memory, relieves the symptom of nausea, burns excess weight, promoting weight loss. In addition, ginger tea with lemon improves skin conditions, and ginger tea with honey is useful for diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver.

YANG energy

In the West, the spice “ginger root” is viewed from a practical point of view - it is useful, it tastes good, it helps. In the East, ginger is treated differently. It is believed that ginger restores the lack of YANG energy in the body.

YANG energy in Traditional Chinese Medicine is considered a masculine energy that nourishes and supports the functioning of all hollow organs. In addition, YANG energy is considered to be giving energy, the energy of strength, positivity, day and light (solar energy). Its deficiency manifests itself in a general loss of strength, constant chronic, sluggish colds, drowsiness, reluctance to engage in any physical activity, mental fatigue, and sweating. There is coldness in the limbs and body, menstrual pain is eliminated, which is helped by warmth, weak pulse, extinction of libido, morning back pain, exhaustion.

Making ginger tea to restore YANG energy

In the East, they drink special ginger tea to restore yang energy.

The best ginger tea for restoring YANG energy, for daily use, is prepared as follows:

What you need for tea:

  1. Live ginger root
  2. Lemon
  3. Black tea loose leaf
  4. Green tea loose leaf
  5. Honey

In addition, prepare:

1.5 liter thermos, fine grater, boil 2 liters of water.

Preparing ginger tea:

Take a thermos, pour 0.5 teaspoon of green tea into it, then 0.25 teaspoon of black tea. Fill about 6-10 cm with boiling water.

Then take 5 cm of ginger root, peel it and grate it. Throw grated ginger and juice into a thermos. Take a lemon, cut off 2 rings of 0.5 cm each, chop finely and also throw it into a thermos. Then slowly add water (boiling water), filling the thermos ¾ full. Place the lid on the thermos, but do not screw it on. After 5-7 minutes, open the thermos again and add 4-5 teaspoons of honey (as you like) to the ginger tea with lemon. Mix the ginger tea well with a spoon and fill the thermos with boiling water until the end. Close and leave for 3-4 hours. After this, ginger tea to restore YANG energy is ready.

Tea with ginger invigorates, and therefore is drunk 2-3 times a day until 16.00 in the evening.

Do not forget that preparing ginger tea to restore YANG energy should be done daily, but not more than 20 days. Then a break of 1-1.5 months is taken. This tea is good for all colds, weight loss and boosting immunity.


Since the masculine and feminine principles are present in each of us in different proportions, we initially look for what we lack. If “yin” dominates, we are drawn to a partner with a strong “yang”, and vice versa

Until a person balances his two halves, only people of a certain type of character, lifestyle, and even appearance will pay attention to him. Look at your partner and you will see what you personally lack

If a representative of the fair half of humanity makes friends with the “woman” within herself, then she becomes wiser. The girl understands that giving in does not mean admitting defeat, and eternal resistance is not a victory. A man, having established contact with his “yang,” becomes convinced that the source of courage is not in violence, but in the open expression of feelings. Awakening soft qualities in representatives of the stronger sex and hard ones in their ladies is the key to harmonious relationships, eternal love and affection. When the feminine and masculine are reversed, we gain a better understanding of the opposite sex.

Tell me what's around you and I'll tell you who you are

Based on what is expressed more strongly in us - the beginning of Yang or the beginning of Yin, the room where we usually find ourselves can be decorated accordingly. For example, it is better for energetic and active people to choose calm interior colors, and for those prone to inertia, on the contrary, tonic ones .

In psychology, there are four types of temperament: choleric, sanguine, melancholic, phlegmatic. The first two represent an active principle, and the last couple are rather passive.

Therefore, when you see specific colors in an apartment or in a car, you can guess what energy prevails in their owner.

Life is like a kaleidoscope, and sometimes you can’t guess what kind of pattern our personality forms together with someone else. But if colored pieces of glass are in our hands, why not approach them consciously and try to create a harmonious picture ourselves?

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Energy is CRAP

And now pay attention: I will introduce you to a new type of energy!

Meet me: I want to introduce you to yours, and my old friend, the energy CRAP (if the word “Crap” is offensive to you, offer other options, I will be happy to consider them).

Here are the identifying signs of “Crap” energy:

It’s impossible to enjoy what is, well, you don’t like what’s happening, and that’s all. I can’t do something - well, of course, I’m a girl, and I have YIN energy. I can't. I'm waiting for the prince who will come and decide everything

And it doesn’t matter that I hang out where there have never been princes. He will take me and find me

And I watched a film about it. And it’s completely nonsense that I’ve been waiting for him for many years. I'm YIN! I don’t really know what I want either, but suddenly it will come and be decided, just as I need it. At the same time, I don’t really know what I need. And the way it is being solved does not suit me. I do not know how. There’s really no one to ask, I live in the steppe, desert, tundra. There is no Internet, people on earth have disappeared. What you want to do has never been done before. I only ask advice from people who have never done what I’m asking them about, and know a lot about ways in which it won’t work.

Girls, my dears, this is not YIN and YANG, this is Crap. Just like a strange, incomprehensible desire to recognize only the YIN energy in oneself and completely deny the YANG. Without inhalation there is no exhalation. So these two energies are interconnected. Your task is to recognize them and apply them in life.

If you want to get married and preferably to a worthy man, this is YANG (male) energy. Energy of purpose, intentions. Yes, you want and you clearly know what. Set a goal. You study the strategy for achieving it, plan, and act. BUT at the same time you are doing women's practices. As they say, get grounded. Learn to be so gentle when you need it.

If YIN, then you enjoy and accept what is, and not in a forced way, but in reality you feel great about everything. You well. And this also needs to be learned. You don't need to be afraid of the power that you have. And the pressure that you can show if necessary. At the same time, it is very useful to be able to do this softly, very clearly steering the situation in the direction you need. Set your boundaries in a timely manner, say in a timely manner that something upsets you or you don’t like. Calmly explain what you need without causing yourself and the situation to explode.

Now please tell me about what life is like for a woman who has only feminine energy

? She feels good, really feels good with and without her husband, she is not looking for anything or anyone. This is when you don't try to be happy, but really happy.

Well, what if you still want to do, change, improve something? Think about whether you already have a goal, do you have the male Yang energy to achieve it? Yes, in order to set and achieve goals, even very feminine ones, you need YANG energy. Accept it. And be happy about the qualities that help you get what you want. Set yourself a goal, in addition to this, to learn new ways of achieving goals - female ones.

If you are foaming at the mouth to prove that you are YIN and don't need to achieve goals, are you actually enjoying what you have? By the way, proving something with foam at the mouth is also Yang energy, and at a fairly low level.

Do you know how to get together and do something to change your life? Or do you joyfully hide behind the fact that you are a woman and are proud of the fact that you do not have Yang energy?

Do you know that with the help of Yin and Yang energies it is very easy to achieve your goals and make your dreams come true? Find out how to achieve this at Arina Polyakh’s intensive course “HOW to achieve your goals with the help of YIN and YANG energies and get the MAXIMUM gifts from life”

That's cool, isn't it?! We don’t need Yang energy - we are women. YIN energy is not manifested - we are also not particularly smart to accept everything as it is. And if so, what energy mostly fills you and me? That's right... Crap. And, by the way, admitting that something is not working out and starting to act in the right direction is Yang energy, and of a high order.

In this regard, I answer the question posed by the woman. I am able to conduct women’s trainings because I have Yang energy. I have a goal and a mission to make the world a better place, because... It’s better for me to live in a comfortable and joyful world.

Therefore, I suggest right now that you realize two energies within yourself - male and female, and think about when and what energy will be useful to you. And begin to develop these energies within yourself. Use both depending on the situation.

But whether you accept my point of view or not, this is already YIN energy. I feel good this way and the other way too. Nothing will change in my life because of this.

I write about how to develop and strengthen these energies within myself on my website. I conduct practices and techniques in the form of webinars. Subscribe and stay up to date with news.


Photo 7
In every person there is an interaction of two energy flows, at one moment Yin is superior, at another moment Yang wins.

It is worth devoting time to studying your inner potential, accumulating this or that energy, so that at the right moment you can find the strength to make your dreams and plans come true, achieve results, and reach the top.

Balance is an inherently complex state; only those who work on themselves will be able to balance, regardless of the environment, to be holistic and harmonious. Practices based on breathing exercises, meditation, qigong, and yoga can be ways to balance energy flows and harmonious perception of the world.

Women in modern life often have to do work that requires a masculine approach to business, determination, and strong-willed acumen. To ensure that Yang energy does not suppress the feminine principle and does not de-energize the channels of the flow of female energy, it is worthwhile, before starting male Yang affairs, to say to yourself: “By doing this, I will become not only stronger, but also more feminine. Calmness and charm will become my faithful companions.”

Photo 8
To be in harmony with yourself, it is important to live at your own pace. For some, comfort lies in regularity and unhurriedness, while for others the feeling of speed is vital, it feeds and saturates with even more energy.

Another aspect of balance and harmony is contemplation. The lack of Yin can be compensated by observing the grace of a woman, trying on her image.

Different Types of Qi

Classical Feng Shui uses the name Shen Qi to express the positive and favorable side of this energy (places with good Feng Shui) and the word Sha Qi when referring to less favorable spaces.

The best way to know what type of energy is around you is to use your intuition and common sense. A place with good Feng Shui contributes to people's well-being and the presence of harmony in their lives. A place with bad feng shui causes illness and general chaos. Imagine a clean, peacefully flowing river, creating Shen Qi along its path. Now imagine a polluted, stagnant and turbulent ditch generating Sha Qi. Like rivers, visible chi energy spreads in all directions, forms and seasons.

Sometimes Qi may be good for someone, but not ideal for you. Thus, certain places, specific shapes, colors, etc., can help one and hinder the situation of another. Although there are general rules for space and person, here, according to the specifics, differences may arise. It's like sunbathing, one person only needs 20 minutes to overheat, and another can lie in the sun for hours without any consequences, but in any case, excessive sunbathing may not be advisable.

Yin Yang Energy

The traditional Chinese view of the earth's energies is a cosmology of yin and yang, which are considered to be primordial opposing forces, but not opposing, but complementary forces. They cannot exist one without the other - there is no top without a bottom, light without shadow, there is no absolute yang, just as there is no absolute yin. When yin reaches its maximum, yang arises in it, and vice versa.

This is an endless process, illustrated by a famous symbol. The light side of the circle is yang, but there is also a dark point of yin energy. Yin energy is the dark side of the circle, it also contains a light point - yang energy. When they come together in balance, they form Tao - the universal principle by which man connects with the universe and which allows man to discover the universe within himself.

Yin and yang are relative concepts. The Earth is more yang relative to the Moon, but itself is yin relative to the Sun. According to Feng Shui, these two principles must be in perfect harmony, so they need to be given no less attention than the location of a particular place and circumstances. If somewhere the balance of yin and yang is greatly disturbed, this place is considered unfavorable or generally unsuitable for human habitation

For example, hot, barren deserts are pure yang, but cold Antarctic glaciers are pure yin and cannot be inhabited by humans. As you examine the decor of your home, pay attention to any discrepancies between yin and yang. If they are, you first need to determine how badly this balance is disturbed, and then find out what can be done to improve the situation

Here are the qualities of yin and yang that will help you navigate.

If you decide to change the decor of the room, for example by re-wallpapering, keep in mind that you may unintentionally shift the existing balance of yin and yang. To correct the situation, you should activate the most favorable energies for a given room.

Human Yin-Yang Balance Each person also has an individual yin-yang balance. An energetic, sociable, noisy person is clearly dominated by yang, while a shy and withdrawn person is dominated by yin. Therefore, a shy person will be very uncomfortable where yang predominates, and vice versa. This also needs to be taken into account. By introducing qualities that are opposite to your own into the environment, you can achieve an excellent result, dispelling despondency or calming violent emotions. Yin and yang around the house The yin and yang of the surrounding environment has a certain influence on the house. If the balance is disturbed and a lot of yin energy predominates, for example, the house is located next to a hospital, prison or empty lot, hidden by thickets or trees, people can experience very strong oppression, it will be difficult for them to lead an active life. And vice versa, too much yang around the house: high-voltage line supports, factories with pipes, television centers - will turn life into a crazy race. Feng Shui helps correct such negative situations. to do this, you should use the opposite qualities. If the house is affected by too much yin energy: • change the position of the front door; • paint the front door red; • increase the lighting in front of the porch and keep the light on all the time; • paint the fence red or orange, if there is a yin area near your site; • paint the roof of the house red. If the house is affected by too much yang energy: • use the back entrance rather than the front entrance; • paint the door of the house dark blue; • reduce the lighting power ;• plant trees or tall bushes near the house to add shade;• paint the walls of the house or fences black or blue;• arrange any pond near the house that will soften the activity of yang.



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A woman has too much yang energy

1. Male physique. Large shoulders, narrow hips, dry muscles - this type of figure is often caused by an excess of Yang energy in a woman. And if such a woman begins to gain weight, then this happens, as a rule, according to the male type: her arms in the shoulder area become fuller and her stomach grows.

2. The habit of “building everyone up.” A woman with an excess of Yang energy loves to command and does not tolerate disagreement with her opinion.

3. Tension. Yang is the energy of constant tension. It is very difficult for a woman who is dominated by this energy to relax and “turn off her brain.”

4. Inability to accept. Yang energy is a giving energy, not a receiving one. It is not surprising that a woman with an excess of this energy is ready to give away her “last shirt.”

5. Sexual deviations. The desire for rough sex with elements of violence is a way for women with energy imbalances to harmonize themselves.

Acceptance is a necessary condition for harmonious relationships

Since Yin is the receiving principle, its energy is directed inward.

And this prevailing energy in a woman determines the task entrusted to her by the Creator:
to create harmony in the internal space of the family and maintain peace and harmony in it.
And the Yin power helps her with this. Based on this, first of all, a woman, entering into an alliance with a man, should think about whether she is ready to accept the chosen one with all his pros and cons - not only with the qualities that delight her, but also with the things that stress her out. Will she be able, without losing or suppressing herself (!), to let his interests, hobbies, habits, his family and the burden of his past into her life?

As for a man, when he does not pay due attention to the desires and aspirations of his beloved, even if through her efforts this does not disturb the atmosphere in the house, he stops in his development: his Yin does not awaken. And it’s not hard to guess what happens when in a pair one moves forward and the other gets stuck in place.

And in awareness, Acceptance becomes effortless and natural. To do this, you simply need to remove “I” from any process, that is, thoughts and ideas about yourself.

Along with them, the assessments of others go away. What we call personality disappears with its labels “right-wrong”, “good-bad”, “like-dislike”, with its ideas of how everything should be. And there is no subpersonality that is dissatisfied with something, there is no mental character that must accept something, or wants to change something in another (we are not talking about drunkenness, drug addiction, gambling and other painful addictions).

And if a disagreement arises in everyday life, it does not flare up without a “second one.” And in awareness, since there are no thoughts, there are no emotions, and inner peace is not disturbed. There is no “I’m offended/I’m suffering” character. And in the pure space of consciousness, clarity appears, which “I” forced a dear person to say so, or how hurt self-esteem, in defense, forced me to react this way. And compassion is born for the pain that he/she experiences, and respect for those strengths that balance weaknesses.

As opposites, yin and yang depend on each other and cannot be thought of without the other.

Yang is the top, and yin is the bottom (without top there can be no bottom, and vice versa); the left side of the body is yang, the right is yin (without the right side there is no left, and vice versa); heat corresponds to yang, and cold to yin (without heat there cannot be cold, and vice versa); overflow (excess) corresponds to yang, emptying (lack) - yin (without overflow there is no emptying, and vice versa). Both serve as a derivative principle for each other, that is, they mutually cause each other: yin cannot produce itself without yang, and vice versa.

Moreover, each beginning contains both opposites - complements, that is, each yang can be decomposed into yang yang and yin yang, and each yin - into yin yin and yang ying. All substances and manifestations of our world can be attributed to one or another principle, which, in turn, carries within itself both yang and yin, and each of them is composed of yin and yang; The fragmentation of these distributions can be done indefinitely. For example, the entire upper body is yang, with the back being yang and the stomach and front of the chest being yin; all internal parts of the body are yin, but the stomach, for example, is yang, and the liver is yin. In each of these principles, in turn, one can identify yin, tliant, and so on.

Linguistic aspects

These Chinese terms are yin

陰 "dark side" and
陽 "sunny side" are linguistically amenable to analysis in terms of Chinese characters, pronunciation and etymology, meanings, topography, and loanwords.


" Yin Yang
" in print script (top), traditional (center) and simplified (bottom) Chinese characters

In Chinese characters and for yin

are both classified as Phono-semantic symbols, combining the semantic component “mound;
hill" radical (graphic variant) with the phonetic components jin
(and the added semantic component
"pictographic: cloud") and
In the latter case, Yang
“bright” features “sun” + + “Rays of the sun”.
Finally, adding the radical “hill; hill" gives us yin
陰 for the "shady/dark side of the hill" and
陽 for the "sunny/light side of the hill".

Pronunciations and etymologies

In Modern Standard Chinese the pronunciation of 陰 is usually the level of the first tone yin

cloudy" or sometimes falling fourth tone yìn
shade" while 陽 "sunny" is always pronounced with a rise in the second yang

Sinologists and historical linguists have reconstructed Middle Chinese pronunciation from data in (7th century AD) Qieyun

a rhyming dictionary and later a rhyming table, which was subsequently used to reconstruct Old Chinese phonology from rhymes (11th to 7th centuries BC)
and the phonological components of Chinese characters. Reconstructions of ancient Chinese have shed light on the etymology of modern Chinese words.

Compare these Middle Chinese and Ancient Chinese (marked with an asterisk) reconstructions of yin

陰 and

  • ˑIəm
    < *
    < *
    (Bernhard Carlgren)[7]
  • * ʔjəm
    and *
    (Li Fang-Kuei)[8]
  • ʔ(r)jum
    and *
    (William H. Baxter)[9]
  • ʔjəm
    < *
    < *
    (Axel Schuessler)[10]
  • ' i
    < *
    < *
    (William H. Baxter and Laurent Sagart)[11]

Schuessler gives probable Sino-Tibetan etymologies for both Chinese words.


< *
is compared to Burmese
cloudy", Adi muk-jum
"shadow" and Lepcha
and probably a relative of Chinese in
< *
gloomy" and qin
< *


< *
is compared with Lepcha
"reflecting light", Burmese
"be bright" and
and perhaps a cognate of Chinese chang
< *
bright" (cf. range words like Tai make plansA1
"bright" and proto-Viet-Muong
To this family of words, Unger (Hao-ku, 1986: 34) also includes bng
however, Schuessler reconstructs 炳s Old Chinese pronunciation as * bra
and includes it in the Austroasiatic family of words, except
< *
paŋʔ Shuǎng
< *
"dusk (dawn)";
“glow, become bright, enlighten”; due to "a different initial consonant OC that appears to have no recognizable morphological OC function".[12]



are semantically complex words.

John DeFrancis Chinese-English Dictionary gives the following translation equivalents.[13]


陰 Noun ① [philosophy] negative/passive/feminine in nature ② Surname Bound morpheme ① moon ② shaded orientation ③ hidden; hidden; hidden ④ ⑦ negative ⑧ north side of the hill ⑨ south bank of the river ⑩ reverse side of the stele ⑪ intaglio Static verb ① cloudy


陽 Bound morpheme ① [Chinese philosophy] positive/active/masculine principle in nature sun ④ relief ⑤ open; obvious ⑥ belonging to this world ⑦ [linguistics] masculine ⑧ south side of the hill ⑨ north bank of the river

In a complex Yin Yang

陰陽 means “yin and yang”; opposites; ancient Chinese astronomy; occult arts; astrologer; geomancer, etc.”

Sinologist Rolf Stein etymologically translates Chinese yin

陰 "shady side (of the mountain)" and
陽 "sunny side (of the mountain)" with the unusual English geographical terms
"shady side of the mountain" and
"sunny side of the mountain" (of which French origin).[14]


Many Chinese place names or place names contain the word Yang

"sunny side" and some contain
"Shadow side". In China, as elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere, sunlight comes predominantly from the south, and therefore the south side of a mountain or the north bank of a river will receive more direct sunlight than the opposite side.


refers to the "southern side of the hill" in Hengyang 衡陽, which is south of Mount Heng 衡山 in Hunan Province, and to the "north bank of the river" in Luoyang 洛陽, which is located north of the Luo River 洛河 in Henan.

By analogy, yin

refers to the "north side of the hill" in Huayin 華陰, which is north of Hua Mountain 華山 in Shaanxi Province.

In Japan, the symbols are used in western Honshu to delineate the northern side of the Sanying District 山陰 with the southern side of the Sanyu District 山陽, separated by the Chugoku Mountains 中国山地.


English yin

, , and
Yin Yang
are familiar borrowings from Chinese origin.

In the Oxford English Dictionary



(jɪn) Also
[Chinese yin
shade, feminine; Moon.]


In Chinese philosophy, the feminine or negative principle (characterized by darkness, wetness, cold, passivity, decay, etc.) of two opposing cosmic forces into which creative energy is divided and whose fusion in physical matter gives rise to the phenomenal world.
Also attribute
or as adj
., and
Wed. Jan.

., as
Yin Yang
, a combination or fusion of two cosmic forces;
frequency attribute, especially as a yin-yang symbol
, a circle divided by an S-shaped line into dark and light segments representing respectively
, each containing the "seed" of the other.


(jæŋ) Also
[Chinese yang
yang, sun, positive, male genitals.]


In Chinese philosophy, the masculine or positive principle (characterized by light, warmth, dryness, activity, etc.) of two opposing cosmic forces into which creative energy is divided and whose fusion in physical matter gives rise to the phenomenal world.
Also attrib.
or as

Yin Yang
yin b.

For the earliest recorded "yin and yang" customs OED

cites 1671 for
,[15] 1850 for
Yin Yang
,[16] and 1959 for

In English, yang-yin

Ying Yang
) sometimes appears as an error or misspelling in the Chinese borrowing
Yin Yang
- but they are not equivalent.
The Chinese have Yangyin
phrases, such as 洋銀 (lit. "foreign silver") "silver coin/dollar", but not even the most comprehensive dictionaries (such as
Hanyu Da Xidian
) enter
While Yang
can occur together in context, [18]
is not synonymous with
Yin Yang
The linguistic term "irreversible binomial" refers to a combination of two AB words that cannot be idiomatically reversed as BA, such as the English Cat and Mouse
mouse and cat
) and
Friend or Foe
enemy or friend

Likewise, a common pattern among Chinese binomial compounds is for positive A and negative B, where the word A is dominant or takes precedence over B, such as tiandi

天地 “heaven and earth” and
男女 “man and woman.”
Yin Yang
meaning “darkness and light;
a woman and a man; moon and sun", however, is an exception. Scholars have proposed various explanations for why Yin Yang
breaks this pattern, including "linguistic convenience" (it is easier to say
Yin Yang
), the idea that "proto-Chinese society was matriarchal", or perhaps since
Yin Yang
First popularized at the end of the Warring States period, the term was "deliberately intended to challenge persistent cultural assumptions."[19]

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